The Internet network was already born in the United States in the XNUMXs, but it was used almost exclusively by university and / or military.
As early as March 1989, the young English computer engineer named Tim Berners-Lee had the intuition that gave rise to the concept of the network as means of global communication.
Berners-Lee, who worked at CERN in Geneva, presented a research paper that was in fact the first theorization of what would later become the Internet, that is, a proposal for the construction of a system through which share information between different computers.
It has already celebrated its thirtieth anniversary in 2019, and we have also talked about it in our Blog.
Already the following year, in 1990, the document World Wide Web: Proposal for a HyperText Project, signed by Berners-Lee together with your colleague Robert Cailliau, officially announced the birth of the World Wide Web, defining not only its name, but also its characteristics:
- a hypertext network
- based on the http protocol
- navigable through a browser
- configurable through a new language (HTML)
But it was in 1991 that the two colleagues put online the first website in history, http://info.cern.ch/ , in which they shared a document containing instructions to create their own sites on the platform independently.
In practice, the Internet is being equipped for the first time with a universal, easy-to-use interface, through which anyone can publish information, link them together and make them accessible to anyone.
On site it is still accessible and it is always worth looking at it to understand how much time has passed.
As part of the celebrations to celebrate the thirtieth anniversary with the event in streaming Web @ 30 on 12 March, CERN also presented a Cern project for the complete restoration of the site.
The Project involves the restoration of the first URL, the analysis of the first Web servers at CERN and the documentation, the recovery of machine names and IP addresses to their original state.